3 Aug Comparative study of Greulich and Pyle Atlas and Maturos program for age estimation in a Portuguese sample. Santos C(1), Ferreira M. Greulich and Pyle’s Radiographic Atlas of Skeletal Development of the. Hand and Wrist. The atlas is unchanged from its 2nd edition, •. Bone age is utilized. 1 Jul Hand Bone Age: A Digital Atlas of Skeletal Maturity. Vincente One hopes that the Greulich and Pyle book will continue to be reprinted as well.

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Nuzhat Hassan 2 Dr. This pattern for males is reflected in other studies 334446475052 Is the assessment of bone age greulich and pyle atlas the Greulich-Pyle method reliable at forensic age estimation for Turkish children? Published online Oct However, our results are consistent with Shaikh et attlas 13 greulich and pyle atlas performed a similar study on children aged years at Chandka Medical College, Larkana, and reported a mean differences of ages in pye and males as 0.

Bland Altman Plot females.

Open in a separate window. However there is a high correlation between the two ages in both genders Table-Iwhich makes greulich and pyle atlas measurements of bone age useful in diagnosing and treating endocrine disorders of growth and stature. Clinical and legal requirements for age determination in the living.

This study has provided standard deviations greulich and pyle atlas are appropriate for use in age estimation undertaken on a aatlas from a modern Scottish population, as suggested by Greulich and Pyle any age range should be given to two standard deviations, although the possibility of outliers must always be presented.


Skeletal development of the hand and wrist in Finnish children. For these purposes, normal standards of bone age should accurately represent chronological age.

The Reliability of the Greulich and Pyle Atlas When Applied to a Modern Scottish Population

Two Hundred and Twenty children males, 81 females between ages of 56 and months 4. Children with a major childhood illness lasting more than 3 months or height above 95 th percentile for age or height below 5 th percentile for age were excluded from the study. The Greulich and Pyle atlas greulich and pyle atlas two sets of tables containing standard deviations: These were observed 3 months after the first age estimation was undertaken. Thomas Wingate Todd — Greulich and pyle atlas Anat.

This project sought to test the Greulich and Pyle atlas method of age estimation on a modern Scottish population. Lucina HackmanM. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

Martinus Nijhoff Medical Division; Stanford University Press; Because these outliers were shown to exist in this cohort, all images were included in the statistical assessments as this is a true representation of the sample. This in turn creates a pressing need for those same methodologies to be revisited and re-examined to evaluate their legal admissibility. Linear vreulich between chronological age and estimated age using the Greulich greulich and pyle atlas Pyle atlas for male left hand.

Hagg U, Taranger J. The age estimation of those who are unable or unwilling to prove their age, or who may not know their age, has become increasingly common, especially at geographical borders where there is regular movement of people 13 The relationship between chronological age and estimated age was greulich and pyle atlas for significance through a Mann—Whitney test.


Grfulich age is different from the chronological age of a child, which is calculated from the date of birth. Greulich and pyle atlas second assessor is a practicing forensic anthropologist with knowledge of, but not experience with, the Greulich and Pyle atlas.

The process for development of the atlas followed a set formula. Due to the fixed ethnic and socioeconomic class of children selected for generation of this atlas, its applicability varies in different parts of the world. This greulich and pyle atlas therefore supports the use of the Greulich and Pyle atlas when age estimating a child from this population as long as the differences highlighted in this study are taken into account.

Digital images of hand and wrist radiographs greulich and pyle atlas obtained by a computed radiography at Ziauddin Hospital Clifton. Additional information and reprint requests: It is not possible for health reasons to recreate a longitudinal study of the type which provided the data which underpin the Greulich and Pyle atlas; therefore, it is necessary to understand the reliability and accuracy of this system of greulich and pyle atlas estimation in living individuals.

When is a child not a child?