(1) This Order may be called the Qanun-e-Shahadat, (2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan and applies to all judicial proceedings in or before any Court. Read, Name, Section, Definition, Cases. Read, Qanun-e-Shahadat Order , 1 , Short title, extent and commencement, Cases · Read, Qanun-e-Shahadat. THE. QANUN‑E‑SHAHADAT ORDER, (X OF ). [28th October, ). CHAPTER V. OF DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE. Cases in which secondary.

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Qanun-e-Shahadat Order , 1984.

Provided further that, if oral evidence refers to the existence or condition of any material thing other than orrer document, the Court may, if it thinks fit, require the production of qanun e shahadat order 1984 shhadat thing for its inspection:.

Whenever the opinion of any living person is relevant, the grounds on which such opinion is based are also relevant. Such persons having not been examined, document in question, would be qanun e shahadat order 1984 to have not been proved and could be excluded from consideration.

Comparison of signatures on questioned document with signatures on admitted documents by Court.

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Landlord in proof of his claim had produced photocopy of certificate in respect of E. Such judgment, order or decree is conclusive proof Such document being not a contract, grant, or other disposition of property reduced qanun e shahadat order 1984 the form of document to exclude evidence qwnun oral agreement within the contemplation of Art.

Penal statute tending to deprive valuable right of franchise must be strictly construed and in case of doubt the benefit must go to the person against whom shahdaat finding is sought.

Trial Court which could have compared signatures of defendant by virtue of Art. Proof of contents of documents. Where the question is as to the existence of any right or custom, the following facts are relevant: Rule enunciated in Art. Evidence may be given of facts in issue qanun e shahadat order 1984 relevant facts: Facts showing existence shahaday state of mind, or of body, or bodily feeling.

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Proof when attesting witness denies the execution.

Non-participation of the members in the session of the Assembly would not per se reflect their conduct of defecting their party. An admission is a statement, oral or documentary, which qanun e shahadat order 1984 any inference as to any fact in issue or relevant fact, and which is made by any of the persons, and under the circumstances, hereinafter mentioned.


Qanun-e-Shahadat Order , | Jamil and Jamil

Judgments and decrees of Courts below were maintained in circumstances. Oral evidence is offered of the payment. The facts that, after the commission of the alleged crime, he absconded, or was qanun e shahadat order 1984 possession of property or the proceeds of property acquired by the crime, or attempted to conceal things which were or might have been used in committing it, are relevant. Recovery made on pointation of accused is relevant under Art.

The rule is based on common sense and good policy. Where statement of a witness dealt with a matter which was not in any reasonable sense germane to the subject-matter qanun e shahadat order 1984 issue, the protection of privilege should not be extended to that statement. Ordinary rule for the purpose would be to call that person in evidence—Where the person qwnun was alleged to have executed document had denied his signatures, his signatures could be proved by calling the person in whose presence such document was executed—Signatures of executant could be proved by calling two attesting witnesses in whose presence, person concerned had signed the document—Where both the attesting witnesses of document in question were alive and were r but were not produced, in such case, Court could not hold on the basis of evidence on record that the execution of document qanun e shahadat order 1984 question was proved.

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Sale-deed executed in favour of vendee-defendant was, thus, not valid. Confession by accused before Police would inadmissible in evidence under Art.

Children are a most untrustworthy class of witnesses, for, being of lender age, they often mistake dreams for reality, repeat glibly as of their own knowledge what they have heard from others and are greatly influenced by fear of punishment, by hope of reward and by desire of notoriety.

Trial court had appreciated evidence and other documents with regard to alleged agreement of sale—Trial court had also compared signatures of deceased executant of said agreement with other documents—Trial Court was empowered to undertake said exercise within meaning of Art.

Similar is the position of contents of a telegram which per se are not evidence qanun e shahadat order 1984 the facts stated therein.

Such presumption although was rebuttable but nothing was brought on record to rebut such presumption. The fact that other harbours similarly situated in other respects, but where there were no such sea-walls, began to be obstructed at about the same time, is relevant. Contents qanun e shahadat order 1984 a document contents of documents may be proved either by primary or secondary evidence.

Courts, however, as a rule of prudence seeking corroboration in material particulars of evidence of qanunn accomplice before making it basis of conviction. Opinion as to usages, tenets, etc. Presumption as to powers-of-attorney: The burden of proof in a suit or proceeding lies on that person who qanun e shahadat order 1984 fail if no evidence at all were given on either side.

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