31 May TRANSFORMING INDIA: Challenges to the World’s Largest Democracy | By Sumantra Bose. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, Buy Transforming India: Challenges to the World’s Largest Democracy 1 by Sumantra Bose (ISBN: ) from Amazon’s Book Store. Everyday low. 21 Jul Drawing on his extensive fieldwork and experience of Indian politics,Sumantra Bose tells the story of democracy’s evolution in India since the.
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Whilst almost any of the many States of India could have been chosen to examine the regionalisation and diversity of Indian politics, the case study of West Bengal provides a fascinating insight into the rise and consolidation of a Left-Front State government led by the Communist Party of India Marxist CPMand the contemporary challenge of the former Congress leader Mamata Banerjee.
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Transforming India – Sumantra Bose – Google Books
In the broader context of the international dispute, strategic considerations, and political sensitivity of the region to the Indian secular model of government, the chapter outlines the background to the militarization of the Kashmir conflict culminating in the state of warfare from to It is not at all unlikely that regional political leaders will once again hold transformnig balance trqnsforming power at the national level.
These chapters provide the context for the greater depth in which three challenges to transformong democratic state in India are investigated: His main research interests are representation and electoral politics, Indian politics, and institutions and devolution in the UK.
Maoist insurections have been a sporadic feature of Indian protest movements from the s, often taking place in regions populated by adivasi tribal groups across a number of States, from West Bengal, through Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhatisgarh, and south to Andhra Pradesh. Can they adopt a national perspective when it is needed? Harvard University Press, Harvard University Press, ].
The auguries are decidedly mixed. Notify me of new posts by email. The argument is developed through an engagingly written account, in the first two chapters of the book, of imdia history of Indian politics since Independence, focusing especially on the significance of what was going on at the state level.
The general election that followed her death was also the last time that the electorate delivered an absolute majority to a single party.
TRANSFORMING INDIA: Challenges to the World’s Largest Democracy | By Sumantra Bose
The Congress Party-led United Progressive Alliance government was mired in corruption scandals, and seemed to lack decisive leadership, but the principal alternative party at the national level, the Bharatiya Janata Party BJPwith leadership problems of its own, had failed to offer convincing opposition.
Modi in his earlier avatar as the long-term chief minister of Gujarat, have shown an increasing concern for demonstrating their performance in implementing strategic programs, instead of ruling through patronage.
Such actions led to violent confrontations with the poor and marginalized who had previously been considered part of the CPMs natural constituency, and discontent was politicized by Mamata Banerjee who had rejuvenated opposition politics after leaving the Congress and creating her own regional party, the Trinamool Congress. Cambridge University Press, Volume 89 — No. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. It is a complex subject to cover, tackled by a variety of approaches, from first-hand accounts of conflict, through literature and official reports.
This is followed by three chapters, each one of which stands more or less on its sumnatra, taking up specific themes: To accept cookies, click continue. In this regard Indian federalism remains quite strongly centralized. It runs the risk, therefore, of falling between two stools. So, looking forward from early-mid to the general elections of the following year, it appeared more or less certain that the post-election alignments of strongly supported regional political parties would determine the character of the next central government of India, as they had done since the mids.
Often violent, occasionally making forays into electoral politics, such movements are extreme responses to the oppression and insensitivity of State and national governments. Book ReviewsSouth Asia and the Himalayas. The opening two chapters chart the political history of India from the s tooffering sketches of key events and movements, within the framework of the electoral dynamics of the gransforming.
The CPM mishandled industrial development in the State, moving from a stagnant policy of support for declining industries to a welcoming for inward investment which led to the government undertaking forced land acquisitions to set up Special Economic Zones for business.
He draws on research by academics such as Bela Bhatia, who gained access to Maoist groups, to outline the political, military, and social agendas that have emerged from these movements, recognizing the challenges and also the limitations of such ideologically purist, violent mobilizations, and the disruption to the communities they seek to represent and fight for.
Sumantra Bose provides an erudite and engaging assessment of the way in which these challenges to democracy have developed, and the implications for politics in contemporary India. Sumantra Bose tackles this challenge by taking a dual approach, first offering a broad narrative of democratic development, then using a selection of case studies to explore in more detail some of the areas and events which confront democratic sustainability. The range of material, and bewildering profusion of movements, are brought together in a well-balanced assessment of the reasons for the endurance of such radical groups, and the failures and shortcomings of Indian democracy.
The core argument is an important one, though it seems to this reader, at least, to be somewhat one-sided, paying too little attention to questions of political economy.
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Transforming India — Sumantra Bose | Harvard University Press
The final case study is of the Kashmir question, presenting the broader historical context to the post-Independence contestation over the borders and status of from India the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
The transfoorming nature of Indian politics provides a challenge to those who want to address the breadth of experience across the divergent States and the dynamic nature of social, economic, and electoral change.
The focus is on the development of the Indian party system, and the response of the governments to the decline in Congress hegemony and the rise of new regional mobilizations and movements. Previous post Next post. Notify me of follow-up comments by email.
The role of the Indian government in undermining the legitimacy and representative basis of party politics from the s is clearly established, setting out the connivance of central government in the rigging of elections and suppression of opposition. Transforming India works as an overview of contemporary democratic developments through the willingness to challenge the easy assumption that a competitive electoral arena and comparative stability make Indian democracy a success.
Modi led an extraordinary, presidential-style campaign, backed with massive financial resources, and the BJP won an absolute majority in May Controlling the State government for 34 years, between andCPM rule was founded on a decentralization of power to rural panchayats and security of tenure given to sharecroppers, the most common agricultural practice in the State.