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Slott i ørkenen – satellittene avslører begravet byer i Libya

Libya har enda en grunn til å juble etter fallet og død av sin eks-militære hersker obertsten Moammar Gadhafi.

Et team av britiske arkeologer har funnet nye bevis av en tapt sivilisasjon i landets ørkenen . Teamet fra University of Leicester brukte satellitter og flyfoto for å identifisere restene av mer enn 100 befestede dammer og landsbyer med slott-lignende strukturer og flere byer i den harde ørkenen landet.

Det er en ny start for Libyas antikviteter avdelinger og en sjanse for det libyske folket å engasjere seg med sine egne lenge undertrykt historie. Disse representerer de første byene i Libya som ikke var den koloniale ileggelse av Middelhavets folk som grekerne og romerne . Det Garamantes bør være sentralt i hva  det libyske skolebarn  lærer om sin historie og kulturarv. 

During Gadhafi’s reign, Libya’s pre-Islamic heritage was ignored and disregarded. However, this new discovery could help the country make a fresh start towards re-claiming and enriching its heritage.

Historical Findings

The “lost cities” of Libya, which have been dated back to between 1 A.D. and 500 A.D., are believed to have been built by a little-known civilization called the “Garamantes”. According to the archaeologists, the lifestyle and culture practiced in that era was far more advanced and historically significant than ancient sources had previously suggested.

“It is like someone coming to England and suddenly discovering all the medieval castles. These settlements had been unremarked and unrecorded under the Gadhafi regime,” said David Mattingly FBA, the project leader and a Professor of Roman Archeology at the University of Leicester.

The British team also identified mud brick remains of castle-like complexes, with walls still standing up to 13 feet (four meters) high. They also found traces of dwellings, cairn cemeteries, associated field systems, wells and sophisticated irrigation systems. Following their ground survey, the team confirmed the pre-Islamic date of the site and praised the “evolved” civilization’s preservation.

“Satellite imagery has given us the ability to cover a large region. The evidence suggests that the climate has not changed over the years and we can see that this inhospitable landscape with zero rainfall was once very densely built up and cultivated. These are quite exceptional ancient landscapes, both in terms of the range of features and the quality of preservation,” said Dr. Martin Sterry, also of the University of Leicester, who has been responsible for much of the image analysis and site interpretation.

The British team’s findings challenge a view dating back to Roman times that the Garamantes consisted of barbaric nomads and troublemakers on the edge of the Roman Empire.

“In fact, they were highly civilized, living in large-scale fortified settlements predominantly as oasis farmers. It was an organized state with towns and villages, a written language and state of the art technologies. The Garamantes were pioneers in establishing oases and opening up Trans-Saharan trade,” said Professor Mattingly.

A Fresh Start for Libya

The British team, which was forced to evacuate Libya during anti-Gadhafi revolts in February, hopes to return to the archaeological site soon. Badly neglected under the Gadhafi regime, the Libyan antiquities department is closely involved with the project.

“It is a new start for Libya’s antiquities service and a chance for the Libyan people to engage with their own long-suppressed history,” said Professor Mattingly.

“These represent the first towns in Libya that weren’t the colonial imposition of Mediterranean people such as the Greeks and Romans. The Garamantes should be central to what Libyan school children learn about their history and heritage,” he added.

International Business Times

One comment on “Slott i ørkenen – satellittene avslører begravet byer i Libya

  1. predikeren

    Dette var utrolig spennende!
    Gleder meg til et fritt od fredelig Libya tar hånd om sin egen historie!

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This entry was posted on 13/11/2011 by in Historie, Kolonialism, Kultur and tagged , , , , , .
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