Kabylia

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Bouaziz Ait-Chebib. A portrait

Like most Kabyle of his generation, he was active in the MCB (Berber Cultural Movement), then at the age of 16, while still a minor, he joined a political party considered Kabyle: RCD, the Rally for Culture and Democracy. Young Kabyle activists at the time had two choices: join the FFS or RCD. Bouaziz is from the post-war generation and strongly influenced by the Berber Academy and revolutionary songs of Ferhat imazighen Imula which was getting into the soul of Kabylia, definitely opt for the RCD but finally he quit in 1995 estimating that the party began to “normalize” too much its relationship with the Algerian state which remained, meanwhile, still racist towards Kabyle.

A native of Akbil (Aqvil) Bouaziz Ait-Chebib comes from family installed for several generations in a small town , At Waggur between At Mislaine and At Laziz. Like many Kabyle of his generation, he grew up in a traditional Kabyle family, imbued with a fierce commitment to freedom which is an intrinsic value in Kabylia: First, his father took up arms against French colonialism and spends three years in French prisons suffering  the agony of torture; and two of his older brothers who were very active in the spring of 1980.

Father Ait-Chebib had also been summoned by the gendarmerie in Tassaft to “hold his children” and prevent them from participating in the spring of 1980. Undaunted, former resistance fighter “send them packing” the police and tells them: “I did not run away from French colonialism, it is not I who will now ask my children to give up defending their freedom, their rights and their identity.

“Bouaziz Ait Chebib was born the 23 of February 1973 in Ait Saada, in the municipality of Yatafen after Algerian independence. Very young, he retains from that independence a deep sense of injustice and an unbearable betrayal of the sacrifice of Kabylia. Like most Kabyle from post independent generation, he saw “Arab Algeria” as a humiliation and high treason of the tremendous sacrifice made by ​​Kabylia. Negation of identity and forced Arabization are seen as acts of colonial aggression.

Steeped in current discourse of family household and revolutionary Kabylia  songs from Ferhat Mehenni, he sees early on that ” Kabyle passed without transition from French Algeria to Arabic Algeria keeping the same status of  indigenous people.

“So it is early on that he captures the extent of the merciless war against Kabylia, against his language and identity. In his militant path is the Berber Academy who scored first his earliest youth. The Academy was the Berber Amazigh flag, Tifinagh that youth were spent under the cloak, the struggle for the restoration of the language, culture and the Amazigh identity.

Inhabited by a deep sense of outrage at the age of 8, he taught himself the Tifinagh script by obtaining clandestinely journals of the Berber Academy. This learning has been its main militant action which predestined him to be later, the youngest Tamazigh teacher. In 1990, he was at the age of 17, theyoungest Tamazight teacher and gave his lectures as part of the cultural association “DJERDJER.”

Hardly entered adolescence, he discovers a book that will mark him forever, the book of Muhend Arav Bessaoud “Blessed are the martyrs who have seen nothing.” This book has suddenly made ​​him realize the extent of the injustice that one was doing to Kabylia and as such become a famous expression in Kabyle militant circles. The young Bouaziz is fascinated by Muhend Arav Bessaoud, this former resistance fighter who fought against France and the Boarders Army (armée des frontières) in 1963 and had his heart and soul to defend the Amazigh identity against the Arab Islamist theft .

At the age of 12, March 29, 1985, while a tribute to Colonel Amirouche had to be made ​​in its municipality by the association of maquisard children called “Itri” , the whole village whispers quietly that Ferhat Mehenni, himself a maquisard child, was to come lead a gala. The Algerian regime, who had got wind of the presence of the unwanted son of a maquisard , had exercised an intense campaign of deterrence by the rumor that there would be mass arrests against those who would join to the gala of this maquisard son who “went sideways”

That’s when the young Bouaziz rediscovered the revolutionary songs of Ferhat Imazigjhen Imula he grew up hearing but this time fully grasping the meaning: “20 sna di lƐerm- is “,” Tizi-bwassa “, ” Ilik ibaƐtiyen “, ” d nnif lherma ” or the mythical ” Aqcic of uƐettar “; titles that  moved the teenager and who contributed greatly to its activist  commitment for democracy and the Amazigh identity, wich was at that time, inseparable. It was the time of the  single party, and you could hear a lot about Ferhat Imazighen Imula, which ran throughout Kabylia with his guitar, his tapes were circulating off-the-books, as the Tifinagh alphabet and a bunch of small documents about Masinissa, Jugurtha, and especially lyrics of Kabyle political songs.

Passing all his schooling in Kabylia, from primary school to high school. He evolves first into a mathematical fields before converting to the scientific fields and get his A-Levels science in 1993. Then he goes to Algiers to pursue graduate studies in political science at the University of Algiers, where he graduated in 1998

In 2005, still in Algiers, he goes and gets a Graduate Diploma in Management. However, his school and university career is marked by an ongoing commitment to activism that is ultimately fairly representative of the evolution of the Kabyle political struggle. It had initially supported on a global democratic vision where the objective was to raise awareness to all the Algerians the need for a plural Algeria, respectful of all cultural components, language and identity which composed it and where the Amazigh identity would have its say.

Like most Kabyle of his generation, he was active in the MCB (Berber Cultural Movement), then at the age of 16, while still a minor, he joined a political party considered Kabyle: RCD, the Rally for Culture and Democracy. Young Kabyle activists at the time had two choices: join the FFS or RCD. Bouaziz is from the post-war generation and strongly influenced by the Berber Academy and revolutionary songs of Ferhat imazighen Imula which was getting into the soul of Kabylia, definitely opt for the RCD but finally he quit in 1995 estimating that the party began to “normalize” too much its relationship with the Algerian state which remained, meanwhile, still racist towards Kabyle.

The advent of the RCD deeply divided the MCB between two Kabyle  party FFS and RCD. Bouaziz Ait-Chebib joined the MCB National Coordination (near RCD) in which he occupies two positions during the year of the School Boycott. As Kabyle student in Algiers, he was elected vice president of the Algiers office and chairman of the coordination of Amazigh students during the heroic action of the school boycott where he was one of the rare Kabyle students outside Kabylia who have boycotted the university year of 1994-1995 .

Then considering unworthy the RCD’s dirty tricks against Ferhat Mehenni, for whom he had never doubted the sincerity and commitment, Bouaziz Ait-Chebin created with Ferhat Mehenni and other Kabyle activists MCB National Rally, before being elected president of the Algiers office and entrusted again with the organisation for the national leadership.

Therefore in 1996, he was the initiator of the Algiers committee for a boycott of the referendum on constitutional reform (CABR) where he managed the feat to consolidate the  three MCB trends in a meeting which ended with an appeal to common boycott and a general strike the day of the referendum.

Bouaziz Ait-Chebib has already shown a great sense of dialogue and responsibility which led him some years later to be a senior official of the Movement for Autonomy of Kabylia before becoming its president.

 

Then comes 2001, it  is  the black spring. Kabylia, severely assaulted by the Algerian state, reactive ancestral socio-political structures and faced up through its Aarchs. On 5 June 2001, the Movement for the Autonomy of Kabylia (MAK) is created and Bouaziz Ait-Chebib is in charge of the organisation. The Movement then adopts an attitude of support for the Aarchs citizen movement but he does not share his algerianistics options and believes that the “El Kseur platform” was improperly  described as “national” while the claims that were listed did not cross the natural boundaries of the Kabyle country, which by the way faced alone the fierce repression of the Algerian regime, and in Algeria total indifference.

But given the gravity of the situation, and to promote Kabyle cohesion, the MAK supports the Aarchs movement and believes that the time is urgent, knowing in advance that algerianistic approach can not succeed. The gap between Kabylia and the rest of Algeria is already huge but the total lack of solidarity of Algerians at the killing of young Kabyle while at the same time in Algiers, they showed their unconditionally solidarity with their ” Palestinian brothers ” and then the lynching of Kabyle demonstrators in Algiers June 14, 2001, came to complete the break already committed by Bouaziz Ait-Chebib with Algerian nationalist attitudes and have finally confirmed the need to pursue a fight exclusively Kabyle..

Today, he defines himself as a Kabyle citizen and activists. He is 41 years old and is a member of the leadership of MAK since its inception in 2001 In December 2011, the second congress of the MAK, he was elected president of the Movement and devotes all his energy for the task, traveling tirelessly to Kabylia and explain the project of self-determination for Kabylia. He meets a more attentive and interested public, especially from the younger generation.

The last demonstration of April 27, 2014 provides a measure of the progress made ​​since 2001 and highlights the support, increasingly evident, of Kabylia to its self-determination. It took a lot of conviction, courage and self-sacrifice to get there. Bouaziz Ait-Chebib has made a major contribution. He is very popular with the militant grass roots for his constancy, his straightforward speach and for the perfect control he has of the Kabyle language he routinely uses in all his public speeches.

Zp, AT WAGGUR (SIWEL) 251630 AUG 14

http://www.siwel.info/Portrait-de-l-actuel-President-du-MAK-Qui-est-Bouaziz-Ait-Chebib_a6523.html

 

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This entry was posted on 27/08/2014 by in Kolonialism, Politikk, Ytringsfrihet and tagged , , .
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